Cholesterol levels, generally, can be kept under control. For some individuals, genetics plays a more significant role in their cholesterol levels. Most people can improve their cholesterol numbers by incorporating just a few dietary and lifestyle changes in their life they can improve their overall health.
Diet Improvements and Changes in Lifestyle
- Managing your weight
- Staying physically active
- Limiting fat intake, especially trans fats and saturated fats.
- Limiting intake of other foods that can increase your cholesterol such as caviar, egg yolk, processed foods etc.
- Consume a fiber rich diet. Good sources of fiber include lentils, oats, legumes and whole grains etc.
List of Available Medical Treatments
There are times when medical treatment may be necessary. This is particularly true when there is a case of genetic predisposition to cholesterol. There are several options for drugs designed to lower cholesterol.
Consult your healthcare provider to determine which type of drug would be best for you. It is important to understand that even if you begin to lower your cholesterol using drug treatment, you will need to include healthier lifestyle changes.
Since these drugs can cause many side effects that can trigger other health issues, it is to speak with your doctor if your experiencing any negative side effects of the drug(s).
Vitamins and Supplements
- Niacin prevents the removal of HDL by the liver and lowers the triglyceride level in the blood.
- Omega-3 Fatty Acids help elevate the levels of HDL and simultaneously lower the triglyceride level.
Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitors
Statins are designed to inhibit the production of cholesterol in the liver.
Bile Acid Sequestrants
Bile acid sequestrants work to lower the amount of fat in the food that is absorbed by the body.