When the LDL molecule undergoes a genetic modification, Lipoprotein(a) or Lp(a) is formed.
Having a high Lp(a) level can cause serious health issues such as atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, thrombosis, stroke and cerebrovascular disease.
On the other hand, maintaining a low level of Lp(a) is beneficial. The ideal level of Lp(a) is less than 14 mg/dL, while levels between 14 and 30 imply borderline risk. On the other hand, levels between 31 to 50 pose high risk and levels above 50 mg/dL can prove to be very risky.
Very Low-Density Lipoproteins
A less commonly known lipoproteins are Very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL). These are molecules comprised mostly of triglycerides (55-65%), along with other particles at 5-15%.
These particles include proteins, phospholipids, and cholesterol. Just like LDL, VLDL is also harmful to the body and is referred to as the “very bad” cholesterol. They are responsible for transporting triglycerides, and sometimes other lipids from the liver to the tissues and organs in the body where they are needed.
Measuring VLDL levels is hard so its level is estimated as a ratio of the triglyceride level. Recommended levels of VLDL are between 5 and 30 mg/dL.
VLDL levels can be brought down by lowering your triglyceride levels.