In Triglycerides


Triglyceride test is used to determine your triglyceride levels

Having high triglyceride levels or Hypertriglyceridemia is a more common health condition than people think.  It affects over 33% of adults in the US.

High triglycerides are one of five factors (along with high blood sugar, high blood pressure, belly fat, and low LDL cholesterol) used to determine metabolic syndrome risk factors.

What are Triglycerides? 

A triglyceride also known as triacylglycerol or triacylglyceride and abbreviated TG or TAG is a molecule present in the blood. TAG is made up of 3 fatty acids connected to glycerol (a three-carbon chain).

Basically, triglycerides are created from the conversion of unused calories from food intake. The body stores it in fat cells to be released by hormones for energy supply.

Consistently not burning off more calories than you consume can result in elevated levels of triglycerides in the blood. Triglycerides are assessed via the same blood test that determines HDL and LDL cholesterol levels called a lipid panel.


Triglycerides Range

According to the U.S National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP), a triglyceride level below 150 mg/dL is regarded as ideal for adults. But, normal triglyceride levels may vary with your age and additional factors can influence the numbers. A range between 150 and 200 mg/dL is considered borderline high. If your lipid panel shows a result between 200 and 499 mg/dL for triglycerides, this is a high level. 500 mg/dL and over is very high putting you at maximum risk of heart disease.

Triglyceride Levels Chart:

triglycerides chart

What Causes High Triglycerides?

High triglycerides are usually a result of an unhealthy lifestyle; however, additional variables can come into the equation, for instance

  • genetics
  • medical conditions
  • some drugs

Poor eating habits

The over-consumption of refined sugars {donuts, candy and chocolate bars, soft drinks, and alcohol}, saturated and trans fats generally trigger elevated levels of triglycerides. Saturated fats can be found in animal products and byproducts such as beef, liver, lard, and butter. Eating too much of these foods can also lead to excess body fat.


Overweight individuals have an increased probability of having not only elevated cholesterol levels but also high triglyceride levels. Although being overweight may result from a metabolic disorder, it’s generally caused by a combination of unhealthy lifestyle choices (being sedentary and consuming ‘junk’ food). The good news is that losing weight (even a moderate amount) can help you decrease triglycerides.


Having hypertriglyceridemia in the family can significantly impact your odds of developing the same condition. Familial hypertriglyceridemia is the medical term of elevated triglycerides as a result of genetics. A medical test and a review of familial history and symptoms are used to detect the condition. You can manage it with a lifestyle changes and it may also require prescription medicine if levels fail to decrease with a healthy diet and exercise.

Medical Conditions

Higher levels of triglyceride can be caused by certain medical conditions. Disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), all forms of diabetes, alcohol addiction, chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hypothyroidism, can cause the liver to over-produce triglycerides.


Certain prescription drugs can elevate triglycerides. These include anabolic steroids, diuretics, beta-blockers, oral contraceptives, estrogen, and tamoxifen. You should always seek medical advice before taking any medication that may impact your triglycerides.

In conclusion consulting your doctor about the best method to improve your health is a good start.

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